HOLY SPIRIT


 

A.               WHO IS THE HOLY SPIRIT?

 

1.      THE HOLY SPIRIT IS THE THIRD PERSON IN THE GODHEAD.  HE IS GOD.  HE IS DEITY.

 

 

a        The Spirit is called God.

 

b.     The Holy Spirit is associated on an equal basis with the Father and Son.

 

c.      The Spirit’s actions are those, which only God can perform.

 

(1)       He was the agent in giving the inspired Scriptures.

 

 

(a)        As the writers of Scripture wrote their prophecies, they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.  The Greek word for "carried along" is phero {fer’-o} which means "borne along," "impelled," or "carried along."  Luke used this word in referring to a sailing vessel carried or driven along by the wind (Acts 27:15, 17).  The Scriptures' human writers were controlled by the divine author, the Holy Spirit.

 

(2)       He was involved in the creation of the world.

 

2.      THE HOLY SPIRIT HAS A PERSONALITY.

 

a        The Spirit has intelligence.

 

(1)       The Spirit has a mind.

 

(2)       The Spirit is able to teach others.

 

(3)       The Spirit has feelings.

 

(a)    The Spirit can be grieved by the sinful actions of believers.

 

 

 

b.     The Spirit is referred to with personal pronouns.

 

 

CONCLUSION:

 

1.      The Holy Spirit, even though a spirit being, is as real a person as the Father, or the Son.  The Holy Spirit is part of the Godhead and is a person. 

 

B.              THE HOLY SPIRIT IN THE OLD TESTAMENT.

 

1.      In the Old Testament, did all God-fearing Jewish people receive the Holy Spirit?

 

a.      No, only certain individuals were given the Holy Spirit.

 

(1)       David received the Holy Spirit (1 Sam. 16:13).

 

(2)       Samson received the Holy Spirit (Judges 14:6).

 

(3)       Moses received the Holy Spirit (Num. 11:17).

 

(4)       Micah received the Holy Spirit (Micah 3:8).

 

CONCLUSION:

 

1.      There are approximately 100 references to the Spirit of God in the OT.  The Spirit was active during this period, but only to certain people.  For the most part, God gave the Spirit to Israel's leadership like the prophets, priests, judges and kings.  The Spirit helped these people to speak forth the will of God, govern God's people, and perform extraordinary feats.

 

C.              THE OUTPOURING OF THE HOLY SPIRIT PROMISED IN OLD TESTAMENT.

 

1.      Even though in the Old Testament God primarily gave the Holy Spirit to Israel's leadership, the prophets envisioned a time when the Spirit would be available to every believer.

 

a.      For example, the prophet Joel announced that one day God would pour out His Spirit on all people.

 

 

(1)       When was the Holy Spirit poured out on God's people?  Well according to (Acts 2:16-21), it occurred on the Day of Pentecost.  The day that the church was established.

 

(2)       Let us examine (Acts 2:16-21).

 

(a)    The last days began when Christ came to earth and will end when Christ returns (Heb. 1:2).   We have been living in the last days for nearly 2000 years. 

 

(b)    In the last days, God will pour out His Spirit upon all people.

 

 

(c)    The point is that God's Spirit shows no discrimination.  The Spirit of God is available to all: male and female, young and old, slave and free, rich and poor.

 

(d)    In the last days, God will pour out His Spirit with very special gifts.

 

 

 

 

CONCLUSION:

 

1.      The outpouring of the Holy Spirit was promised by God through some of the OT prophets.  Today, all believers receive the Holy Spirit.

 

D.              WHEN DO BELIEVERS RECEIVE THE HOLY SPIRIT?

 

1.      Believers receive the Holy Spirit at the time of their conversion.

 

2.      People receive the Holy Spirit after repentance and baptism.  However, some have argued that the Spirit is not given after baptism because the reference to the Spirit in (Acts 2:38) is referring to spiritual gifts not the Holy Spirit.

 

 

3.      Some people argue that the Holy Spirit is not given today since it can only be transferred through the laying on of the Apostles hands (Acts 8:12-17; 19:1-7). 

 

a.      Why did the Apostles have to lay their hands on the Samaritans before they received the Holy Spirit?

 

 

b.     Can the Holy Spirit be given only through the laying on of the Apostles hands? 

   

(1)        In (Acts 10:44-48), Cornelius and his household received the Holy Spirit without the laying on of the Apostles hands.

 

CONCLUSION:

 

1.       It is clear from (Acts 2:38), that the gift of the Holy Spirit is given to believers once they repent and are baptized into Christ.

 

2.       This is considered the baptism of the Holy Spirit.  We are immersed in the Spirit after we are baptized into water.  Jesus received the Holy Spirit after water baptism (Mt. 3:16f).  The Bible teaches that there is one baptism (Eph. 4:5) and this one baptism is water baptism. 

 

E.              THE SPIRIT INDWELLING.

 

1.      The Holy Spirit lives in the believer.

 

 

2.      How do you know that the Holy Spirit is living in you?

 

a        Because the Bible says He does.

 

 

a.      Because I sense His presence.

 

(1)    David knew that he had the Holy Spirit because in (Ps. 51:11), he pleaded with God not to take away the Holy Spirit from his life.

 

(2)    I know that the Holy Spirit is in me because of the changes that have occurred in my life (Gal. 5:22-23).

 

F.               THE MINISTRY OF THE HOLY SPIRIT IN BELIEVERS.

 

1.               THE HOLY SPIRIT SEALS BELIEVERS.

 

1.      Here are three passages that speak on the Spirit sealing:

 

2.      Here are some things we can learn from these passages.

 

a        At our conversion, God “sealed” us with the promised Holy Spirit.

 

(1)        What does “sealed” mean?  The Greek word “sphragis{sfrag-id’-zo} translated “seal” has various uses.  In the ancient world, many people, especially the rich had their own seal which was made out of precious stones or sometimes wood which had their name on it.  Some seals were rings or stamps.

 

(a)     A seal indicated ownership.

 

 

(b)    A seal indicated security & protection.

 

 

 

b       The giving of the Holy Spirit is a deposit guaranteeing our inheritance.

 

(1)        God’s Spirit is an “arrabon{ar-hrab-ohn’} a deposit or a pledge guaranteeing our inheritance.  The word is drawn from the world of commerce, and means a deposit made on goods, which serves as a guarantee that full payment will be made and the goods will be collected by the buyer.

 

 

3.      Can the Holy Spirit leaven us meaning that we can lose our salvation?

 

a.       In (1 Sam. 16:14), the Bible says that the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul.

 

b.      Can we lose our salvation?

 

 

2.               THE HOLY SPIRIT TEACHES BELIEVERS.

 

 

1.      The Holy Spirit can help us in the same way.  As we study the Bible, the Holy Spirit can help us recall what we have learned.

 

ILLUSTRATION:

 

While ministering in Texas, a young man came forward and confessed his sins to the congregation.  It was a moving experience for a 20 year old to admit his mistakes and ask for forgiveness.

 

After he came forward, I prayed to God and asked him, with the help of the Spirit, to reveal to me a passage of Scripture that would help this young man.

 

A few seconds later, the verse in (John 8:11)…appeared in my mind.  And I read that verse to him.

 

a.       Do you believe that the Holy Spirit helps you understand and recall the Scriptures?

 

2.      Before we study the Bible, we should pray and invite the Holy Spirit to join us in our study.

 

3.               THE HOLY SPIRIT HELPS BELIEVERS IN PRAYER.

 

1.       Why does the Spirit help us in prayer?

 

a.      Because of our weakness. 

 

(1)         We do not know how to pray as we should.

 

(a)       Art of prayer (how to phrase our petitions properly).

(b)       Content (what we should pray).

(c)       Who we pray for.

 

(2)        To help us in this weakness, the Spirit intercedes for us with groans that words cannot express. 

 

 

 

 

 

4.               THE HOLY SPIRIT FIGHTS OUR FLESHLY NATURE.

 

1.      What is the “sinful nature or the flesh (sarx)?

 

 

2.      We all struggle with fleshly desires.

 

 

3.      Brethren, we have two forces conflicting within us -- the flesh and the Spirit.  They are in battle with each other.

 

ILLUSTRATION:

 

Sigmond Freud, founder of Psychoanalysis, proposed that the personality consists of three major parts:

 

ID – The id exists at birth and is the source of psychic energy and the instincts, the most important of which are sex and aggression.  One function of the id is to fulfill the (pleasure principle).  It seeks pleasure and tries to avoid pain.

 

Ego – The ego has been called the (executive branch) of the personality because it controls and governs the id and superego and maintains interaction with the external world.

 

Super Ego – The super ego is the moral, social, and judicial branch of the personality.  The superego strives for perfection rather than pleasure or reality.

 

Here is how they work: 

 

Suppose one day, you are walking near a produce market and you notice a delicious red shiny apple that looks good to eat.  The only thing that is stopping you from enjoying that apple is that you don’t have any money. 

 

The id within you says,  I want that apple no matter what, steal it!

 

The superego says, “No” you cannot take that apple, that’s stealing. That is wrong.  It is a sin.

 

The ego has to make a decision on what to do.  Steal it or continue walking.

 

Suppose one morning, you wake up exhausted and tired.  You don’t want to go to work.

 

The id says don’t go to work, stay in bed.  Call in and tell your boss that you are sick.

 

The superego says, you can’t do that, your not sick, that would be lying.

 

The ego has to make a decision on what to do.  Call in sick or get up and go to work.

 

a.      The id is like our “flesh."  It is constantly enticing us to do things that God does not want us to do.

 

b.     The superego is like the “Holy Spirit.”  He is our religious and moral guide.  He is constantly reminding us to do God’s will and make the right decisions.

 

c.      We are like our ego, we make the final decision on whether or not to follow our id or superego.  We are responsible for our decisions, and when we chose to sin or follow our id, the superego reminds us that we did wrong—He sends guilt!

 

d.     Do you experience this type of conflict in your life?

 

e.      If we follow our flesh we will die.  If we follow the Spirit we will live. 

 

 

 

4.      What is the key to living by the Spirit and not by our sinful nature?

 

ILLUSTRATION:

 

One of every 400,000 babies is born each year with Sever Combined Immunodeficiency Disease, or SCID, a disease that leaves the child with no body-chemistry defenses to fight infection from the germs that constantly attack one’s body.  For such children, life is often short and always filled with danger.

 

 

5.               THE HOLY SPIRIT CONVICTS THE WORLD AND THE BELIEVER OF SIN.

 

 

1.      The Greek word “convict” (elencho) means “to expose, convict, reprove.”   The verb occurs 18 times in the NT.  Arguably, in every instance the verb has to do with showing someone his sin (Mt. 18:15; Jn. 3:20; 8:46f).

 

a.      The word is a legal term that means to pronounce a judicial verdict by which the guilt of the culprit at the bar of justice is defined and fixed.  The Spirit does not merely accuse men of sin, He brings to them an inescapable sense of guilt so that they realize their shame and helplessness before God.

 

2.      The Holy Spirit exposes or shows people their sins.  The Spirit’s function is like that of Nathan the prophet, who said to David, “You are the man” (2 Sam. 12:7), and compelled him to acknowledge his misdeeds.

 

3.      I believe that the Holy Spirit exposes or shows people their sins through the written Word. 

 

a.      One of the basic functions of the OT law was to reveal sin.